Reynolds Stress Anisotropy Tensor Predictions using Neural Networks

  • Cai, Jiayi (CEA Saclay, Paris-Saclay University)
  • Angeli, Pierre-Emmanuel (CEA Saclay, Paris-Saclay University)
  • Martinez, Jean-Marc (CEA Saclay, Paris-Saclay University)
  • Damblin, Guillaume (CEA Saclay, Paris-Saclay University )
  • Lucor, Didier (CNRS-LISN)

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Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) based turbulence modeling is the most widely-used approach for engineering interests due to its high cost-effectiveness. Even though, despite researchers’ continued focus, the RANS approach still suffers from a universal and reliable closure model for the Reynolds stress anisotropy tensor. In recent years, advances in computing power have opened up a new way to tackle this problem with the aid of machine learning techniques. The main objective of the present paper is to fully predict the Reynolds stress anisotropy tensor for both interpolation and extrapolation scenarios by employing neural networks. Several case studies are performed upon two different types of neural network architectures: the Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) and the Tensor Basis Neural Network (TBNN) [1]. Representative physical parameters characterizing the properties of turbulent flows are carefully identified and pre-processed. Different input feature combinations are respectively fed into the MLP to acquire a complete grasp of the role of each parameter. A deeper theoretical insight is taken into the TBNN in order to clarify some remaining ambiguities in the literature, concerning the application of Pope's general effective-viscosity hypothesis [2]. The predictive capacity and the robustness of these two types of neural networks are compared. Excellent interpolation and extrapolation predictive capability of the Reynolds stress anisotropy tensor is achieved upon our testing flow configuration. A promising future could be expected by integrating these neural networks into an in-house CFD code for engineering analysis.